The start of the summer season also opens the more rigid practices for prevention. These are measures conducted to do away with the possibility of fire occurrence in a place that may result in fatality, injury, or property damage at the least. Fire is a rapid paced chemical reaction when a combustible material mixes with oxygen, which releases heat, light, smoke, and flames. In order to spark fire, there are some elements which would have been present at the same time of the ignition:
1. The presence of fuel or a combustible material on site,
2. Enough amount of oxygen needed to maintain combustion, and
3. Enough amount of on-site heat needed to elevate the ignition temperature of the material.
Fire safety measures should be conducted from the planning stage of a new establishment, should be implemented in structures which are already existing, and should continue to be taught to the occupants of the building.
THE FIRE PREVENTION CODE AND GOVERNMENTAL MEASURES
The Fire Prev Code or the Fire Safety Code is primarily aimed at preventing fires from the onset of construction. It ensures that available firefighting equipment will be available on the building with the necessary training of the occupants. The code also addresses the regular inspection and maintenance requirements of various fire protection equipment pieces to maintain optimal passive and active fire protection measures. This usually conforms to the Building Code.
Some sections of the code also establish requirements for obtaining permits for situational occurrences which need specific precautions for unforeseen hazards. These include fireworks display of exhibition on holidays.
The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) issues a number of life and prevention standards which can be readily viewed by the public through the NFPA website. The United States Department of Labor’s Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) also set several standards discussing fire safety. The Fire and Rescue Department of Fairfax County (Virginia) even developed a PowerPoint presentation for fire safety/extinguisher training program. All these governmental programs can be for public use free of charge.
FIRE SAFETY PROGRAMS AND EDUCATION
Fire prevention officers is the more popular name for the fire department members who inspect buildings for conformity with the Fire Code and also go into schools to introduce and educate children on Fire Safety topics – how to prevent fires and the necessary precautions children should take should a fire occur. The Chief Officer normally trains newcomers to the Division and also conducts inspections or makes presentations.
Fire Department programs include distribution of smoke detectors, visiting schools to review key topics about fire safety with the students and implementing the nationally recognized programs such as “Risk Watch” and “Learn not to Burn” of NFPA.
Other programs or props which are usually entertaining for children can be purchased from community organizations or the fire department. These are mostly auditory such as puppets and robots relaying important messages. Others access more senses and increase learning factor for children.
All programs tend to relay messages of general injury, prevention and escape in case of fire. In most cases, the fire department representative is regarded as expert in the field and is expected to present information in an appropriate manner for each diversified age group.